Marxist Writers: Anatoly Lunacharsky. Anatoly Lunacharsky. etching. Biography. Revolutionary Silhouettes. Table of Contents · Foreword 1. Anatoli Lunacharsky, the son of a local government official, was born in Poltava, Ukraine, in When he was fifteen he joined an illegal Marxist study-circle in . He left Russia with the official blessing and warning of the Soviet Minister Anatoly Lunacharsky: “You are running away from events, and these.

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We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. Several streets and institutions were named in his honor. This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it.

After the February Revolution ofLunacharsky left his family in Switzerland and returned to Russia. Lunacharsky was considered to be a mediator between the Soviet Republic and foreign culture.

He was told he was needed in Moscow. Thank You for Your Contribution! Prokofiev was just one of many artists including Chaliapin, Gretchaninovand others, who were free to travel.

His second wife was Natalya Rozenel, an actress of the Maly Theater.

The popularity of Anatoly Lunacharsky declined after his death, and only after the s, thanks to the work of his daughter Irina Lunacharsky, his name was remembered and became a symbol of the Bolsheviks era. As a founder of lubacharsky literature, Lunacharsky thought that the art of writing must be aantoly for analyzing and criticizing the class system.


As a literary critic and historian, Anatoly Lunacharsky revised and assessed works by leading Russian and foreign writers, studying their art from the point of view of the class struggle and focused on the importance to the cultural enrichment of average working people.

Dec 22, See Article History.

In all three revolutionaries moved to Bologna and there continued their teaching activity up until At the bottom lunafharsky the article, feel lunacbarsky to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context.

He published with Friedrich Engels …. Maxim GorkyRussian short-story writer and novelist who first attracted attention with his naturalistic and sympathetic stories of tramps and social outcasts and later wrote other stories,…. Internet URLs are the best.

Anatoly Lunacharsky

He became lunachasrky as a protector of Soviet culture and intelligentsia. Thank you for your feedback. InAnatoly Lunacharsky moved to Paris. Vladimir Lenin Aleksei Rykov.

When Stalin came fully to power inLunacharsky was dismissed as commissar of culture and education. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Anatoly Lunacharsky – Wikipedia

Lunacharsky was known as an art connoisseur and a critic. Trotsky reacted to some of Lunacharsky’s opinions in his own autobiography, My Life.

Your email address will not be published. Both Lunacharsky and Lenin agreed that the cultural organizations should be nationalized.

He was also in charge of the Soviet state’s first censorship system.

Vladimir Leninfounder of the Russian Communist Party Bolsheviksinspirer and leader of the Bolshevik Revolutionand the architect, builder,…. Nonetheless, Piatigorsky warned Lunacharsky he would run away if not allowed to leave. He became interested in Marxism at the age of fifteen, while studying at the gymnasium in Kiev. But that then is another story. Previous day Next day. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Sign In Don’t have an account?


Lunacharsky remained in this position until Lunacharsky helped his former colleague, Alexander Bogdanov, start a semi-independent proletarian art movement, Proletkult. Despite a year age difference, Lunacharsky left his family and married Natalya, who already had a daughter, Irina, from her first anatloy.

Anatoly Lunacharsky – Russiapedia Politics and society Prominent Russians

November 26. Over the next six years the difference in philosophical opinions of Lenin and Lunacharsky sharpened and grew into a political disagreement. Propose any changes to the talk page. Following his revival, a number of streets and institutions were named after Lunacharsky, as well as the asteroiddiscovered in Like other internationalist social democrats returning from abroad, he briefly joined the Mezhraiontsy before they merged with the Bolsheviks in July—August This page was last edited on 27 Decemberat After the outbreak of Great War, he took an internationalist anti-war position.

He focused on analyzing works by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, among other materialists, and was greatly influenced by the idealistic views of the lecturer Richard Avenarius.

Like many contemporary socialists including BogdanovLunacharsky was influenced by the empirio-criticism philosophy of Ernst Mach and Avenarius.