In , Pope John Paul II reflected on the rapid downfall of communism in his encyclical Centesimus. Annus. He named three ‘decisive factors’ in the fall of. Cenetisimus Annus (on the hundredth anniversary), the ninth encyclical of John Paul II’s pontificate and his third social encyclical, was written on the one. From the Encyclical Letter Centesimus Annus of Pope John Paul II, 1 May Following the collapse of Communist totalitarianism and of many other.

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His needs were few and were determined, to a degree, by the objective structures of his physical make-up. The document lends itself to such a reference, because the historical picture and the prognosis which it suggests have proved to be surprisingly accurate in the light of what has happened since then.

But the earth does not yield its fruits without a particular human response to God’s gift, that is to say, without work. The economy in fact is only one aspect and one dimension of the whole of human activity. Marxism criticized capitalist bourgeois societies, blaming them for the commercialization and alienation of human existence.

Centesimus Annus (1 May ) | John Paul II

It is his disciplined work in close collaboration with others that makes possible the creation of ever more extensive working communities which can be relied upon to transform man’s natural and human environments. The original source of all that is good is the very act of God, who created both the earth and man, and who gave the earth to man so endyclical he might have dominion over it by his work and enjoy its fruits Gen 1: This seems to be the most urgent problem which the international community has yet to resolve.

Without the terrible burden of hatred and resentment which had built up as a result of so many injustices both on the international level and within individual States, such cruel wars would not have been possible, in which great nations invested their energies and in which there was no hesitation to violate the most sacred human rights, with the extermination of entire peoples and social groups being planned and carried out.

The efforts of individuals, which translate into paychecks and business profits or productive volunteer work, encycljcal well as services performed and products sold to meet human needs, must be intensified.

Man is understood in a more complete way when he is situated within the sphere of culture through his language, history, and the position he takes towards the enchclical events of life, such as birth, love, work and death. Profit is a regulator of the life of a business, but it is not the only one; other human and moral factors must also be considered which, in the long term, are at least equally important for the life of a business. The culture and praxis of totalitarianism also involve a rejection of the Church.


Divini redemptoris Mit brennender Sorge Non abbiamo bisogno Quadragesimo anno. Emblem of the Holy See. Man works in order to provide for the needs of his family, his community, his nation, and ultimately all humanity.

These resources could become even more abundant if, in place of war, reliable procedures for the resolution of conflicts could be set up, with the resulting spread of the principle of arms control and arms reduction, also in the countries of the Third World, through the adoption of appropriate measures against the arms trade.

Mater et magistra Pacem in terris. By exercising one’s intellect and will one necessarily grows in the ecnyclical. Thus a great deal of educational and cultural work is urgently needed, including the education of consumers in the responsible use of their power of choice, the formation of a strong sense encyc,ical responsibility among producers and among people in the mass media in particular, as well as the necessary intervention by public authorities.

However, such an analysis is not meant to pass definitive judgments since this does not fall per se within the Magisterium’s specific domain. This approach was opposite of what the Marxists thought ought to be followed.

– Centesimus Annus, encyclical

In defending her own freedom, the Church is also defending the human person, who must obey God rather than men cf. Also worthy of emphasis is the fact that the fall of this kind of “bloc” or empire was accomplished almost everywhere by means of peaceful protest, using only the weapons of truth and justice.

However, it is only when hatred and injustice are sanctioned and organized by the ideologies based on them, rather than on the truth about man, that they take possession of entire nations and drive them to act. In some regions and in some social sectors of that world, development programmes have been set up which are centered on the use not so much of the material resources available but of the “human resources”. It is through work that man, using his intelligence and exercising his freedom, succeeds in dominating the earth and making it a fitting home.

A society in which this right is systematically denied, in which economic policies do not allow eencyclical to reach satisfactory levels of employment, cannot be justified from an ethical point of encydlical, nor can that society attain social peace.


Centesimus Annus 25 Years Later

Popes from Leo XIII onward had relied on individual social scientists for assistance in drafting social encyclicals, but this consultation represented the most thoroughgoing interaction of a Pontiff with social scientists in an effort to improve the content of church teaching. Later on, this movement was dominated to a certain extent by the Marxist ideology against which Rerum novarum had spoken. This very error had extreme consequences in the tragic series of wars which ravaged Europe and the world between and These events are a warning to those who, in the name of political realism, wish to banish law and morality from the political arena.

It would not be mistaken to see in this clear statement a springboard for the principle of the right to religious freedom, which was to become the subject of many solemn International Declarations and Conventions, 30 as well as of the Second Vatican Council’s well-known Declaration and of my own repeated teaching.

He formulates an Adam Smithian “invisible hand” argument:.

For such individuals the encyclical encycliczl be read in a way that confirms their personal prediction that “big is beautiful”. The second factor in the crisis was certainly the inefficiency of the economic system, which is not to be considered simply as a technical problem, but rather a consequence of the violation of the human rights to private initiative, to ownership of property and to freedom in the economic sector. These defend workers’ rights and protect their interests as persons, while fulfilling a vital cultural role, so as to enable workers to participate more fully and honourably in the life of their nation and to assist them along the path of development.

Centenary of the Encyclical Rerum novarum.

Pope John Paul II tells us that the new source of economic affluence is no longer “land” as it was in the time of Pope Leo. Just as John Paul II made a careful assessment of the world around him, this symposium will propose the question: The atheism of which we are speaking is also closely connected with the rationalism of the Enlightenment, which views human and social reality in a mechanistic way.

As a result of these changes and of the persistence of poverty, a deeper analysis of the problem is called for, an analysis which will be developed later in this document.