COLONIALIDADE DO PODER ANIBAL QUIJANO PDF
Veja grátis o arquivo QUIJANO – Colonialidade do poder enviado para a disciplina de Quijano, Aníbal “’Raza’, ‘etnia’, ‘nación’ en Mariátegui: cuestiones. Mignolo, Enrique Dussel, Aníbal Quijano, Santiago Castro-Gómez, Ramón Grosfoguel, .. Aníbal. Colonialidade do poder, eurocentrismo e América Latina. “Ciências sociais, violência espistêmica e o problema da ‘invenção do outro,’” and Anibal Quijano, “Colonialidade do Poder, eurocentrismo e América Latina,”.
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Barassi contributed to the birth of Labor Law through a dogmatic construction of the work contract, in which the work force and the worker himself was inseparable, something that goes beyond the simple humanization of the locatio hominiswhich is why he needed a protection in specific legal basis.
This socioeconomic generality of work, however, is, as quijno, an extremely recent phenomenon: The authorsp. Princeton University Press, From the point of view of modern liberal-Eurocentric thinking, still extolled by Brazilian Labor Law, slavery, servitude and independent commodity production have conceived as a historical succession prior to the commodification of the labor force, that is, they are pre-capital.
Revista Novos Rumosv.
As Ballestrin points outp. Far from this, it is necessary to detach from the links of rationality-modernity with coloniality, in the first place, and ultimately with all power not constituted in free decision of free people.
In this way, free and subordinate labor that attract the applicability of labor rights, as well as its control, have still a male and white privilege in Brazilian contemporaneity, which makes the precarious labor relations to have been endowed with color and gender, which operates intersectionally in working-class cartography.
Aníbal Quijano – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre
Transmodernidade, pensamento de fronteira e colonialidade global. This is our questioning regarding Labor Law in Brazil and its alleged universality, based on the eo Enlightenment 14 in the context of modernity, considering the neutral and hegemonic nucleus as the free and subordinate labor. Our majority doctrine, perpetuating the Eurocentric thought that establishes this alleged transhistorical difference between slave-labor and free-subordinate labor, hide overlapping forms of work that took place in Brazil colony and their respective articulations with race and gender, which hides, until today in the Brazilian Labor Law, intersectional subjections.
For Mignolop. About this form of manifestation, which becomes invisible the true relation and shows just the opposite of it, resting all juridical conceptions about the worker and the capitalist and all capitalist mode of production mystifications, all its illusions of freedom MARX,p, Belo Horizonte, Del Rey Editora, The parties of an employment contract shall never be legally equal, insofar as the exchange between capital and labor is presented in the same manner as the purchase and sale of the other goods.
Inequality deepens when we analyze the informality articulated with the race category: The identities built up by modern European discourses were racial that is, the colonial racial matrix and patriarchal. July 12, ; Accepted: Decolonial thinking and Brazilian Labor Law: Thus, for Mignolop.
In addition to being simultaneous, such forms of work in Latin America were associated with the idea of race to grant legitimacy to the domination relations domination between colonizer and colonized, as well as colonialidaee the naturalization of the higher and lower functions in the division of labor. As Andrade and D’Angelop. According to Quijano, the modernity was characterized by a world power pattern which dominated and disputed the control of the various forms of social existence, forming a structural complex, whose character is always historical and specific QUIJANO,p.
However, the exploitation of women in colonial Latin America goes far beyond sexual exploitation, which results in a gender coloniality 27derived from the articulation between coloniality of power, knowledge, being, nature and language LUGONES,p. Labor Law perceives the specificity of this free and subordinate labor relation, in which one of the subjects – the employer – holds the directive power; and the other one remains legally, economically, and psychologically subordinated to the first.
All other forms of thinking that is, by interfering with the organization of knowledge and understanding and of acting politically, that is, forms that are not decolonial, what means to remain in imperial reason; that is, within the imperial identities policies MIGNOLO,p. The coloniality of power demonstrates that the colonial, economic, political, colonialiadde, and quijanno relations did not end with the destruction of colonization, that is: Pode o Subalterno Falar?
The exclusion of certain social segments from power spaces, as a colonial legacy of the unequal distribution of preconfigured labor functions according quijabo race, class and gender, means that the entry into the Brazilian labor market of these groups – specifically black men and, black women – are always precarious, in subaltern positions, poorly paid, characterized by vulnerability of labor rights.
The postcolonial studies are permeated by distinct and variable axes, but these are presented as a common characteristic of the methodological effort for deconstructing essentialisms, searching to consolidate quiuano critical epistemological reference to dominant modernity conceptions, that are closely related to the colonial experience COSTA,p.
The simultaneous distribution of slavery, servile and free labor in colonial America, articulated with race and gender, created intersectional subjections still present in the Brazilian labor division, that is, the coloniality of the class, race, and gender oppressions conveyed through the locus of human labor remains in Brazil.
The Brazilian jus-labor doctrine needs to develop decolonial projects through disconnection from a neutral and scientific academic perspective, which demands to be epistemically disobedient, according to Walter Mignolo MIGNOLO,p. Acesso em 13 mar.
In this sense, social thought in the global South occurs under different conditions, because it has different presuppositions. Curso de Direito do Trabalho. In this last aspect, Quijano explains that the colonial thinking carried out by Eurocentrism consists of: Moreover, according to Mignolop. La hybris del punto cero: Thus, the authors point out, that engaging in contracts was not as universal as it may seem coloniaoidade first glance, because gender gives a specific status in liberal theory, although it seeks to present itself as a gender neutral theory MATOS; PARADIS,p.
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It also implies the constitution of colonial society, the transformation of social relations under colonial power, the struggles for decolonization, the installation of new dependency relationships, and struggles to deepen or challenge this dependency. O roubo da fala: For the author, identity policy is based on the assumption that identities are essential aspects of individuals, which can lead to intolerance, and fundamentalist positions in identity policy are always a danger Mignolo,p.
QUIJANO – Colonialidade do poder
Thus, all these forms of work in Latin America not only acted concomitantly, but they were also all articulated around the axis of capital and the world market QUIJANO,p. However, this legal subject exclusion of labor in Brazil, as all countries in South, is not uniform: Rumo a um feminismo descolonial. The authors contributed equally for writing the article. The gradual phenomenon of a loss of subordinate labor centrality in Brazil 31 and in the world 32 leads us to design variable forms of precarious atypical labor that imply labor subjection, particularly in intersection with marginalized social segments, which continue in subaltern positions inherited from colonialism.
The postcolonial approach establishes a production process critique of scientific knowledge that, favoring Eurocentric matrices, reproduces the logic of the colonial relationship COSTA,p. In this sense, the category race, originated and globalized from Latin America, operates in each of these planes, means and dimensions, material and subjective, within daily social existence and societal scalep.
The social thought that emerges from this historical experience is called ‘Southern theory’. Brazilian Labor Law doctrine is influenced by Eurocentric thinking in its entirety, because when we talk about “Europe” we are not referring to a geographic area or country. However, dominant identity policy is not exposed as such, but through abstract universal concepts such as science, philosophy, Christianity, liberalism, Marxism Mignolo,p.