Kesavananda Bharati V. State of Kerala () Shankari Prasad vs Union of India (AIR SC ) . Champakam Dorairajan vs State of Madras. Issue. JUDGMENT W.P.(C) OF Appellants: His Holiness Kesavananda Bharati Sripadagalvaru and Ors. Vs. Respondent: State of Kerala and Anr. Decided. The fundamental question dealt in Kesavananda Bharati v State of Kerala is whether the power to amend the constitution is an unlimited, or there is identifiable.

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Now I may briefly describe the scheme of the Constitution. To hold this would mean prima facie that the most solemn parts of our Constitution stand on the same footing as any other provision and even on a satte firm ground than one on which the articles mentioned in the proviso stand.

According to the learned Judges, the broad contours of the basic elements and the fundamental features of the Constitution are delineated in the preamble and the Parliament has no power to abolish or emasculate those basic elements kesavabanda fundamental features. The most important product of this independence was Democracy which gave common people who were the most oppressed power and rights.

Sate so, it does not admit of any limitations. The Supreme Court reviewed the decision in Golaknath kerapa. Our Preamble outlines the objectives of the whole Jesavananda. In view of the great variation of the phrases used all through the Constitution it follows that the word “amendment” must derive its colour from Article and the rest of the bharatii of the Constitution.

State of Punjab, and considered the validity of the 24th, 25th, 26th and 29th amendments. Provided that no Bill for ekrala amendment or repeal of any of the Provisions of this Order shall be presented for the Royal Assent unless it has endorsed on it a certificate kesavananra hand of the Speaker that the number of votes cast eksavananda favour thereof in the House of Representatives amounted to not less than twothirds of the whole number of members of the House including those not present.

Seervai, the power of amendment given by Article 4read with Articles 2 and 3, ArticleFifth Schedule and Sixth Schedule, is a limited power limited to certain provisions of the Constitution, while the power under Article is not limited.

Palkhivala, Section 29 1 corresponds to Articles andand Section 29 4 corresponds to Article of our Constitution, and Sections 29 2 and 29 3 correspond to Article 13 2 kezavananda our Constitution, read with fundamental rights. The people therein declare, that their design in establishing it comprehended six objects: He was the only Shankaracharya who has publicly issued a statement saying that it was a mistake on the part of the government to open the oerala of the Shri Padmanabhaswamy Temple and he publicly asserted vw all the assets found in the vault of Shri Padnabhaswamy Temple, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala State of India are indeed the assets of temple and the responsibility of managing assets should be handed over to the Trust which is managing the temple.

The process of interpretation as the years go on ought not to be allowed to dim or to whittle down the provisions of the original contract upon which the federation was founded, nor is it legitimate that any judicial construction of the Provisions of Sections 91 and 92 should impose a new and different contract upon the federating bodies.


Ambedkar but he made it clear at p. As originally enacted, Article 1 read as follows:. There does not seem any reason why, in a fundamental law or Constitution of government, an equal attention should not be given to the intention of the framers, as stated in the preamble. However, the Court affirmed another proposition also asserted in the Golaknath case, by ruling that the expression “amendment” of this Constitution in article means any addition or change in any of the provisions of the Constitution within the broad contours of the Preamble and the Constitution to carry out the objectives in the Preamble and the Directive Principles.

This was challenged on the ground that one of the acts inserted by atate amendment in the 9th Schedule affected the petitioner on the basis that the amendment fell within the purview of Article But however grave the issues may be, the answer must depend on the interpretation of the words in Articleread in accordance with the principles ,esavananda interpretation which are applied to the interpretation of a Constitution given by the people to themselves.

This doctrine implies that though Parliament has the prerogative to amend the entire Constitution but subject to the condition that they cannot in any manner interfere with the features so fundamental to this Constitution that without them it would be spiritless.


State of Rajasthan The effect of the Twenty-ninth Amendment of the Constitution was that it inserted the following Acts in the Ninth Schedule to the Constitution:.

Archived from the original PDF on 9 September The legislature of each of the new Dominions shall have full power to make laws for that Dominion, including laws having extraterritorial operation.

The word kesvaananda occurring in Article must therefore be construed in such a manner as to preserve the power of the Parliament to amend the Constitution, but not so as to result in damaging or destroying the structure and identity of the Constitution. It is true every provision is prima facie amendable under Article but this does not solve the problem before us. It first describes the expression “the State” to include “the Government and Parliament of India and the Government and the Legislature of each of the States and all local or other authorities within the territory of India or under the control of the Government of India.

Article 45 directs that “the State shall endeavour to provide, within a period of ten years from the commencement of this Constitution, for free compulsory education for all children until they complete the age of fourteen years.

Palkhivala on Menzies J’s judgment:. The Constituent Assembly deliberately decided not to do so. The SC ruled out that the power to amend the Constitution under Article also included the power to amend fundamental rights and that the word “law” in Article 13 8 includes only an ordinary law made in exercise of the legislative powers and does not include Constitutional amendment which is made in exercise of constituent power. The expression “amendment of the Constitution” is not defined or expanded in any manner, although in other parts of the Constitution, the word “Amend” or “Amendment” has, kesavannda will be pointed out later, been expanded.

Kesavananda Bharati v. State of Kerala – Wikipedia

This Court issued rule nisi on March 25, The view that Article is a complete code in itself in respect of the procedure provided by it and does not contemplate any amendment of a Bill for amendment of the Keasvananda after it has been introduced, and that if the Bill is amended during its passage through the House, the Amendment Act cannot be said to have been passed in conformity with the ot prescribed by Article and would be invalid, is erroneous.


Archived from the original on In Article 5″all regulations made under the proviso to Clause 3 ” can be modified “whether by way of repeal or amendment” as both Houses of Parliament or the House or both Houses of the Legislature of the States may make during the session in which they are so laid.

To implement and fortify these supreme purposes set forth in the preamble, Part III of our Constitution has provided for us certain fundamental rights. It lesavananda true that there is no complete definition of the word “law”‘ in the article but it is significant that the definition does not seek to exclude Constitutional amendments which it would have been easy to indicate in the definition by adding “but shall not include an amendment of the Constitution”.

It may be noted that what was implied regarding carrying on trade was made an express provision in the Constitution by the Constitution Seventh Amendment Act,when a new Article was substituted. But the India context is slightly different.

The suggestion was accepted by the Assembly and further consideration of the Preamble was held over. The basic structure doctrine forms the basis of power of the Indian judiciary to review, and strike down, amendments to the Constitution of India enacted by the Indian parliament which conflict with or seek to alter this basic structure of the Constitution.

In construing the expression “amendment of this Constitution I keeala look at the whole scheme of the Constitution. It often happens that what has been implied by courts in one Constitution is expressly conferred in another Constitution.

It was urged ksavananda the Court that Sankari Prasad’s [] S.

Kesavananda Bharati

bharai I may first consider the doctrine that enables Parliament to have power to deal with ancillary and subsidiary matters, which strictly do not fall within the legislative entry kreala respect to which legislation is being undertaken.

Commonwealth 74 CLR 31 at He laid special importance on the issue of minorities. This is borne out by the following extract from the statement of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in the Constituent Assembly on October 12, C. Emphasis supplied The Federal character of the Australian Constitution carries implications of its own The fundamental rights were considered of such importance that right was given to an aggrieved person to move the highest court of the land, i.

In Articlewhich deals with legislative procedure, Clause 2 provides that “subject to the provisions of Articles anda Bill shall not be deemed to have been passed by the House of Parliament unless it has been agreed to by both Houses, either without amendment or with such amendments only as are agreed to by both Houses.