Linguatula serrata can be found in several countries in Asia, Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Europe, North Africa, and the Americas. Although the distribution of . Linguatula serrata is a food-borne zoonotic pentastomid that affects a wide range of animals including humans. Dogs and other carnivores are the final hosts. Twenty-four to 48 hours after imidacloprid/moxidectin was administered, the dog coughed up a dead worm, later confirmed as Linguatula serrata (Fig 1).

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For example, diseases caused by infection of filarial nematodes elephantiasis and river blindness. Cetirizine medicine and Flixonase aqueous nasal spray were used for treatment of allergic reaction induced by L. In this study, the parasite was found sublingually. Males choose to mate with females that are close to their own size. Nearctic living in the Nearctic biogeographic province, the northern part of the New World. View at Google Scholar B.

ADW: Linguatula serrata: INFORMATION

Linguatulosis is a rare zoonotic parasitic disease resulting from invasion of the body by wormlike parasites of the genus Linguatulaalso known as tongue worms [ 1 ]. Biology, prevention and control. The prevalence of Linguatula serrata nymphs in mesenteric and mediastinal lymph nodes in one-humped camels Camelus dromedarius slaughtered in Rafsanjan slaughterhouse, Iran. Introduction Linguatulosis is a rare zoonotic parasitic disease resulting from invasion llnguatula the body by wormlike parasites of the genus Linguatulaalso known as tongue worms [ 1 ].

The infection was higher in the male ADW doesn’t cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we linhuatula. They live in the nasopharyngeal region of mammals. Furthermore, it was discovered that the local indigenous linguatlua of dogs were used for security and hunting purposes and, hence, most times are allowed to stray around the streets and farms.


Journal of Parasitology Research

Those that harbored the parasite were subjected to a minor surgery to remove the parasite. Thus, a thorough inspection of visceral organs and particularly lymph nodes should be emphasized in the slaughter house.

Presently, Lijguatula State seems to be the only state of the federation to have reported the incidence of this disease in all the veterinary hospitals located in the 20 local governments of the states, which defines the potential danger of spread of the disease to all other parts of the country.

Cases of infection of this parasite commonly occur where animals lniguatula raised, lijguatula as slaughterhouses and farms. Following further coughing, accompanied by blowing of the nasal areas, three worm-like pentastomid were expelled.

Many refer to these larvae as “nymphs,” although they actually are a nauplius. Also in this site: While the larvae are encysted, many of them die and calcify after about two years, but if the definitive, carnivorous host feeds upon the intermediate host when the larvae are in their third stage, the carnivore acquires the parasite.

Abstract Pentastomiasis is a parasitic zoonosis endemic to western and central Serraga. Discussion Linguatulosis due to L. Two families, Linguatulidae and Porocephalidae of which two important genera Linguatula and Armilliferrespectively, have been known to be of importance in veterinary and human medicine [ 3 ]. Prevalence of infection rate is higher during spring and summer Deaths have been reported due to blocked air passages [ 22 ].

The genitals are located ventrally at the fifth abdominal annulus, surrounded laterally by two genital papillae in males. View at Google Scholar E.


Incorrect use is the most frequent reason for failure of antiparasitic drugs. This study has future medical implication in precise diagnosis of L. The posterior extremity is somewhat narrow and cylindrical.

While many pentastomid males die directly after mating, Linguatula serrata males may live for a period of time after mating.

They are wormlike sereata of the respiratory systems of vertebrates. Females contain hundreds of thousands of eggs.

Case report and morphometric study of the larva of Linguatula serrata. More generally, linguatulosis can be considered a form of “pentastomiasis”, linbuatula refers to all diseases caused by pentastomidsincluding porocephaliasis. Therefore, this study was carried out in the State Veterinary Hospital, Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria, in pet dogs brought for treatment.

The symptomatic condition of the patient in this report is much like that of marrara or halzoun syndrome caused by L. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Articles with ‘species’ microformats. When swallowed by an intermediate host, the serratw larvae resembling a mite hatch in the small intestine, penetrate the intestinal wall, and lodge in tissues, particularly in lungs, liver, and lymph nodes.

Hepatic granuloma due to a nymph of Linguatula serrata in a woman from Michigan: The definitive linguafula of L. However, egg shedding is intermittent, which can lead to false negatives. Eggs exit the host in nasal secretion or, if swallowed, with feces. In case of infrequent massive infections clicnical signs may develop depending on the affected organs. Significant difference was observed.